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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

Engineers discover a new gatekeeper for light

( University at Buffalo) Imagine a device that is selectively transparent to various wavelengths of light at one moment, and opaque to them the next, following a minute adjustment. Researchers report a discovery that brings us one step closer to this imagined future.

PETA science group publishes a review on pulmonary effects of nanomaterials

( People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) A scientist from the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. is the lead author of a review on pulmonary fibrosis that results from inhaling nanomaterials, which has been published in Archives of Toxicology. The coauthors are scientists from Health Canada, West Virginia University, and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland.

NIST, partners create standard to improve sustainable manufacturing

( National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) A public-private team led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has created a new international standard that can 'map' the critically important environmental aspects of manufacturing processes, leading to significant improvements in sustainability while keeping a product's life cycle low cost and efficient.

UCSB receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant

( University of California - Santa Barbara) Microbial geneticist David Low will lead a project conducting groundbreaking research in global health and development.

Scientists illuminate a hidden regulator in gene transcription

( Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Gene transcription is the process by which DNA is copied and synthesized as messenger RNA (mRNA) -- which delivers its genetic blueprints to the cell's protein-making machinery. Now researchers at MIT and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have identified a hidden, ephemeral phenomenon in cells that may play a major role in jump-starting mRNA production and regulating gene transcription.

Finding a new formula for concrete

( Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Researchers at MIT are seeking to redesign concrete -- the most widely used human-made material in the world -- by following nature's blueprints. In a paper published online in the journal Construction and Building Materials, the team contrasts cement paste -- concrete's binding ingredient -- with the structure and properties of natural materials such as bones, shells, and deep-sea sponges.

Researcher 2016 Texas Inventor of the Year for treatments for breast, prostate cancer

( The University of Texas at El Paso) Marc Cox, Ph.D., associate professor in The University of Texas at El Paso's Department of Biological Sciences, has been selected as the 2016 Texas Inventor of the Year for his treatments for breast and prostate cancer developed at UTEP.

New 3-D hydrogel biochips prove to be superior in detecting bowel cancer at early stages

( Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Researchers from a number of Russian research centers have developed a new method of diagnosing colorectal cancer. The scientists have created a hydrogel-based biochip to help detect bowel cancer i.e. colorectal cancer.

NASA's GPM satellite sees potential Atlantic tropical cyclone

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) An area of low pressure designated as System 90L, located in the Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda and the Bahamas is being monitored today for possible development into a tropical or subtropical cyclone. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission core observatory satellite flew over the developing low pressure area on May 26, 2016 at 0932 UTC (5:30 a.m. EDT).

UH researcher recognized for work in clean energy

( University of Houston) Debora Rodrigues, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Houston, has received the 2016 C3E Research Award. Her work focuses on developing bio- and nanotechnologies to reduce energy costs in water and wastewater treatment.

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