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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP Satellite team ward off recent space debris threat

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Space debris, also known as 'space junk,' is an ongoing real-life concern for teams managing satellites orbiting Earth, including NOAA-NASA's Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, or Suomi NPP, satellite. It is not unusual for satellites that have the capability of maneuvering to be repositioned to avoid debris or to maintain the proper orbit.

NIST offers electronics industry 2 ways to snoop on self-organizing molecules

( National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) The idea of a practical manufacturing process based on getting molecules to organize themselves in useful nanoscale shapes once seemed a little fantastic. Now the day isn't far off when your cell phone may depend on it. Two recent papers by researchers at NIST, MIT and IBM demonstrate complementary approaches to 3-D imaging of nanoscale polymer patterns for use in semiconductor lithography.

Strengthening thin-film bonds with ultrafast data collection

( National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) When studying extremely fast reactions in ultrathin materials, two measurements are better than one. A new research tool invented by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University and NIST captures information about both temperature and crystal structure during extremely fast reactions in thin-film materials.

NIST's Cloud Computing Roadmap details research requirements and action plans

( National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) NIST has published the final version of the US Government Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap, Volumes I and II. The roadmap focuses on strategic and tactical objectives to support the federal government's accelerated adoption of cloud computing.

Paralyzed patients have weaker bones and a higher risk of fractures than expected

( Worcester Polytechnic Institute) People paralyzed by spinal cord injuries lose mechanical strength in their leg bones faster, and more significantly, than previously believed, putting them at greater risk for fractures from minor stresses, according to a study by researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. The results suggest that physicians should begin therapies for such patients sooner to maintain bone mass and strength, and should think beyond standard bone density tests when assessing fracture risk in osteoporosis patients.

Finding durable foul-release coatings to control invasive mussel attachment

( Bureau of Reclamation) The Bureau of Reclamation has released a report summarizing six years of testing coatings to control the attachment of quagga and zebra mussels to water and power facilities. Since the study began in 2008, Reclamation has tested more than 100 coatings and materials.

UNL researcher wins federal grant for groundbreaking solar energy project

( University of Nebraska-Lincoln) Jinsong Huang, associate professor of mechanical and materials engineering at University of Nebraska-Lincoln, wins $1.2 million, four-year, award from US Department of Energy SunShot Initiative to refine solar cells that feature perovskite.

NASA's Terra Satellite sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Ana

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Storm Ana was being battered by wind shear when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and saw the bulk of showers and thunderstorms pushed north and east of the center.

NASA's TRMM Satellite calculates Hurricanes Fay and Gonzalo rainfall

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA used TRMM and other satellite data to calculate rainfall from Atlantic hurricanes Fay and Gonzalo.

The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute announces largest-ever stem cell repository

( New York Stem Cell Foundation) The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute, through the launch of its repository in 2015, will provide for the first time the largest-ever number of stem cell lines available to the scientific research community. Initially, over 600 induced pluripotent stem cell lines and 1,000 cultured fibroblasts from over 1,000 unique human subjects will be made available, with an increasing number available in the first year.

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