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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

TGen-led study shows DNA methylation related to liver disease among obese patients

( The Translational Genomics Research Institute) A TGen-led team has identified how DNA methylation is associated with a condition known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to liver cirrhosis and death, and is one of the leading indicators for liver transplants. In one of the most exacting studies of its kind, TGen scientists found evidence that DNA methylation has a role in the initiation of NAFLD-related fibrosis, according to a study published in the journal Clinical Epigenetics.

Solar thermal energy will help China cut costs of climate action

( SolarPACES) A new study investigates the best combination of renewables for providing the lowest cost to power system operators in two of China's provinces best suited to scale up renewable energy.

New NSF awards support the creation of bio-based semiconductors

( National Science Foundation) To address a worldwide need for data storage that far outstrips today's capabilities, federal agencies and a technology research consortium are investing $12 million in new research through the Semiconductor Synthetic Biology for Information Processing and Storage Technologies (SemiSynBio) program. The goal is to create storage systems that integrate synthetic biology with semiconductor technology.

Origami-inspired device helps marine biologists study aliens

( The City University of New York) Scientists have tried to find the safest and most effective ways to explore marine life in the oceanic water, the largest and least explored environment on Earth, for years. Each time, they were faced with the same challenge: How to capture delicate or gelatinous pelagic animals -- like jellyfish, squid, and octopuses -- without harming them? An origami-inspired device may change that.

Metal too 'gummy' to cut? Draw on it with a Sharpie or glue stick, science says

( Purdue University) Your everyday permanent markers, glue sticks and packing tape may offer a surprisingly low-tech solution to a long-standing nuisance in the manufacturing industry: Making soft and ductile, or so-called 'gummy' metals easier to cut.

Small scale, huge impact

( University of California - Santa Barbara) Mechanical engineering assistant professor Bolin Liao receives an early career award from the Department of Energy.

Suomi NPP satellite finds an elongated Tropical Storm Ampil

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Depression 12W formed in the Philippine Sea and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite analyzed the storm in infrared light. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Ampil later on July 18.

Study first to confirm where baby white sharks 'hang out' in the North Atlantic

( Florida Atlantic University) A team of scientists is the first to confirm the movement patterns and seasonal migrations of baby white sharks in the north Atlantic Ocean. They put the New York Bight shark nursery theory to test by deploying satellite and acoustic tags on 10 baby white sharks (less than 1 year old) off Long Island's coast. Results provide novel insights into the distribution of this vulnerable early stage of life that complements recent work on larger white sharks.

Aeronautical engineering students share first place in AIAA paper competition

( Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) Two aeronautical engineering students at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute shared first place in the 2018 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Multidisciplinary Design Optimization student paper competition.

The relationship between charge density waves and superconductivity? It's complicated

( DOE/Ames Laboratory) For a long time, physicists have tried to understand the relationship between a periodic pattern of conduction electrons called a charge density wave (CDW), and another quantum order, superconductivity, or zero electrical resistance, in the same material. Do they compete? Co-exist? Co-operate? Do they go their separate ways?

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