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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

WSU innovation improves drowsy driver detection

( Washington State University) Researchers at Washington State University Spokane have developed a new way to detect when drivers are about to nod off behind the wheel.

First-of-its-kind NASA space-weather project

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A NASA scientist is launching a one-to-two-year pilot project this summer that takes advantage of US high-voltage power transmission lines to measure a phenomenon that has caused widespread power outages in the past.

Male or female?

( Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics) The Y chromosome, which distinguishes males from females at the genetic level, appeared some 180 million years ago. It originated twice independently in all mammals. The team of professor Henrik Kaessmann at the Center for Integrative Genomics and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics managed to date these events that are crucial for both mammalian evolution and our lives, because the Y chromosome determines whether we are born as a boy or girl. The results of this research have just been published in Nature.

Cyber buddy is better than 'no buddy'

( Michigan State University) A Michigan State University researcher is looking to give exercise enthusiasts the extra nudge they need during a workout, and her latest research shows that a cyber buddy can help.

Superconducting qubit array points the way to quantum computers

( University of California - Santa Barbara) A fully functional quantum computer is one of the holy grails of physics. A group of UCSB physicists has moved one step closer to making a quantum computer a reality.

Economics = MC2 -- A portrait of the modern physics startup

( American Institute of Physics) In recent decades, many large high-tech companies have eliminated in-house research programs, turning instead to startup companies as their primary source of breakthrough innovations. AIP has released a new report on physics startups, based on interviews with 140 physicists and other professionals at some 91 startup companies in 14 states, companies which are engaged in making medical devices, manufacturing tools, nanotechnology, lasers and optical devices, renewable energy technologies and other products.

Atomic switcheroo explains origins of thin-film solar cell mystery

( DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Treating cadmium-telluride solar cell materials with cadmium-chloride improves their efficiency, but researchers have not fully understood why.

The world, through a mathematical lens

( Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics) Math comes in handy for answering questions about a variety of topics, from calculating the cost-effectiveness of fuel and determining the best regions to build high-speed rail to predicting the spread of disease and assessing roller coasters on their 'thrill' factor. How does math do all that? That is the topic of a free handbook published by the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics this month: 'Math Modeling: Getting Started and Getting Solutions.'

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in US Arctic

( National Academy of Sciences) A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of US Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping, oil and gas development, and tourism, raising concern about the risk of oil spills.

Halving hydrogen

( DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Like a hungry diner ripping open a dinner roll, a fuel cell catalyst that converts hydrogen into electricity must tear open a hydrogen molecule. Now researchers have captured a view of such a catalyst holding onto the two halves of its hydrogen feast. The view confirms previous hypotheses and provides insight into how to make the catalyst work better for alternative energy uses, researchers reported in Angewandte Chemie International Edition.

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