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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

Microfabricated device allows evaluation of the efficacy, toxicity of pro-drugs

( World Scientific) A team of researchers from the MGH Center for Engineering in Medicine has developed a novel approach that dramatically simplifies the evaluation of the liver's drug-metabolizing activity and the potential toxic effects of the products of that activity on other organs.

New technique enables magnetic patterns to be mapped in 3-D

( Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie) An international collaboration has succeeded in using synchrotron light to detect and record the complex 3-D magnetization in wound magnetic layers. This technique could be important in the development of devices that are highly sensitive to magnetic fields, such as in medical diagnostics for example. Their results are published now in Nature Communications.

Biogas to biomethane upgrading by water absorption column at low pressure and temperature

( World Scientific) A technology based on the absorption of carbon dioxide using water is reported in this paper.

Superconductor could be realized in a broken Lorenz invariant theory

( World Scientific) Considering the electromagnetic and scalar fields in gravity without Lorenz invariance (LI), a model of holographic superconductor is constructed in Horava-Lishitz gravity. The studies show that the effect from broken LI could modify the conductivity and condensate curve lines. The AdS/CFT correspondence implies that it is possible to construct a superconductor based on a gravitational theory without Lorentz invariance.

A cool way to form 2-D conducting polymers using ice

( Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH)) Chemists at Pohang University of Science and Technology, Korea, have discovered an innovative method to form two-dimensional polyaniline (PANI) nanosheets using ice as a hard template. The product, called PANI-ICE, is reported to have distinctly outstanding electrical properties of low resistivity and high conductivity. PANI-ICE nanosheets show high electronic current flows twice as high as that of graphene and over 40 times higher conductivity of PANI materials produced by existing established synthetic procedures.

Everything you need to know about coastal engineering -- international compendium published

( World Scientific) Coastal and ocean engineers can now look forward to new research reading material compiled in a single compendium. Published by World Scientific, the 'International Compendium of Coastal Engineering' aims to provide a comprehensive overview of coastal engineering from basic theory to engineering practice.

Engineers give invisibility cloaks a slimmer design

( University of California - San Diego) Researchers have designed a new cloaking device that overcomes some of the limitations of existing 'invisibility cloaks.' In a new study, electrical engineers at the University of California, San Diego have designed a cloaking device that is both thin and does not alter the brightness of light around a hidden object. The technology behind this cloak will have more applications than invisibility, such as concentrating solar energy and increasing signal speed in optical communications.

Could black phosphorus be the next silicon?

( McGill University) In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers from McGill University and Université de Montréal report that when electrons move in a phosphorus transistor, they do so only in two dimensions. The finding suggests that black phosphorus could help engineers surmount one of the big challenges for future electronics: designing energy-efficient transistors.

Back to the basics of pattern recognition and machine learning

( World Scientific) World Scientific's latest book on 'Introduction to Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning' adopts a detailed and methodological algorithmic approach to explain the concepts of pattern recognition.

Countering social influence and persuasion of extremist groups

( Arizona State University) Arizona State University will lead new research aimed at helping to solve the puzzle of how terror groups use social media to further their agenda of violence. ASU has been selected to receive a highly competitive Minerva grant to gain a better understanding of what types of information 'go viral' and under what circumstances.

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