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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

AI 'scientist' finds that toothpaste ingredient may help fight drug-resistant malaria

( University of Cambridge) An ingredient commonly found in toothpaste could be employed as an anti-malarial drug against strains of malaria parasite that have grown resistant to one of the currently used drugs. This discovery, led by researchers at the University of Cambridge, was aided by Eve, an artificially intelligent 'robot scientist.'

Building blocks to create metamaterials

( California Institute of Technology) An international team, led by Chiara Daraio, uses techniques from quantum mechanics to create a system for engineering how metamaterials will interact with waves.

Bioengineered soft microfibers improve T-cell production

( Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a new method for improving T cell manufacture by focusing on the materials involved in this process. Their study uses a polymer mesh to activate the T cells, a critical step for their production. This approach simplifies processing compared to systems in use today. In addition, making the fibers out of a mechanically soft material improved T cell growth, outperforming the current gold standard on several fronts. (Advanced Biosystems)

Gorilla Glass debuts in car windshields

( American Chemical Society) Chemically toughened glass already keeps cell phone screens (mostly) crack-free, and now this type of glass is starting to make its mark in the auto industry in car windshields. According to an article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, Gorilla Glass and similar strong, transparent materials could soon make an appearance in even more consumer products.

A step toward ridding register receipts of BPA

( American Chemical Society) Although the US and other countries have banned or restricted the use of bisphenol A (BPA) because of environmental and health concerns, it is still used in thermally printed receipts and labels. Now researchers report in a study in the ACS journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research that they have developed potentially safer polymers that could replace BPA for printed papers.

Kessler Foundation receives major federal grant to train rehabilitation researchers

( Kessler Foundation) Guang Yue, PhD, director of Human Performance and Engineering Research at Kessler Foundation, has been awarded a $735,000 grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR). This five-year grant funds an Advanced Rehabilitation Research Training (ARRT) Project in Rehabilitation Neuroscience and Engineering. The project aims to improve overall health and function of individuals with neuromuscular and musculoskeletal (NM-MSK) diseases and injuries by training doctoral-level researchers committed to advancing the field of rehabilitation.

Novel chip-based gene expression tool analyzes RNA quickly and accurately

( University of Illinois College of Engineering) A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from a cancerous tissue sample while preserving the spatial information across the tissue -- something that conventional methods cannot do.

MDI Biological Laboratory develops Anecdata citizen science mobile app

( Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory) The MDI Biological Laboratory is riding the growing wave of interest in citizen science with the development of a new, easily accessible mobile phone app to help community organizations track and analyze crowd-sourced data from citizen volunteers on critical environmental questions.The free app is an outgrowth of Anecdata.org, an online citizen science portal for collecting and sharing environmental data that is now home to about 60 projects.

Nearly imperceptible fluctuations in movement correspond to autism diagnoses

( Indiana University) A new study led by researchers at Indiana University and Rutgers University provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.

Self-healing fungi concrete could provide sustainable solution to crumbling infrastructure

( Binghamton University) A new self-healing fungi concrete, co-developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could help repair cracks in aging concrete permanently, and help save America's crumbling infrastructure.

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