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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

New lab technique reveals structure and function of proteins critical in DNA repair

( University of Illinois College of Engineering) By combining two highly innovative experimental techniques, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have for the first time simultaneously observed the structure and the correlated function of specific proteins critical in the repair of DNA, providing definitive answers to some highly debated questions, and opening up new avenues of inquiry and exciting new possibilities for biological engineering.

INRS professors awarded 2 Google research grants

( INRS) Professors Tiago Falk and Douglas O'Shaughnessy of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre have each received a Google research grant to pursue their innovative work in the field of speech processing. These grants will allow two Ph.D. candidates in telecommunications to take part in research for a year and give them the opportunity to collaborate with Google researchers and engineers.

Beyond the lithium ion -- a significant step toward a better performing battery

( University of Illinois at Chicago) Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have taken a significant step toward the development of a battery that could outperform the lithium-ion technology used in electric cars such as the Chevy Volt.They have shown they can replace the lithium ions, each of which carries a single positive charge, with magnesium ions, which have a plus-two charge, in battery-like chemical reactions, using an electrode with a structure like those in many of today's devices.

Optical resonance-based biosensors designed for medical applications

( Elhuyar Fundazioa) A telecommunications engineer of the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre, has designed in his Ph.D. thesis optical resonance-based biosensors for use in medical applications like, for example, the detecting of celiac disease. Besides achieving greater resolution and sensitivity, the materials used in these devices are much cheaper and more versatile than the ones used in current technologies (mainly gold and noble metals) so they could offer a potential alternative in the design of biomedical sensors.

Disney researchers use passive UHF RFID tags to detect how people interact with objects

( Disney Research) Disney Research has demonstrated that battery-free, radio frequency identification (RFID) tags can be used to cheaply and unobtrusively determine how people use and interact with daily objects, enabling new types of interactive play, smart homes and work environments, and new methods for studying consumer shopping habits.

Disney Researchers show soft sides with layered fabric 3-D printer

( Disney Research) A team from Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have devised a 3-D printer that layers together laser-cut sheets of fabric to form soft, squeezable objects such as bunnies, doll clothing and phone cases. These objects can have complex geometries and incorporate circuitry that makes them interactive.

Young women objectify themselves more browsing Facebook and magazines than media types

( SAGE Publications) Though it is widely believed that the media objectifies women, women further diminish themselves by constantly comparing their bodies to others.' Regardless of how much time young women devote to viewing television, music videos and using the internet, they will compare their appearances more frequently to photos in magazines and on Facebook, finds a new paper published today in Psychology of Women Quarterly.

Engineer improves rechargeable batteries with MoS2 nano 'sandwich'

( Kansas State University) The key to better cell phones and other rechargeable electronics may be in tiny 'sandwiches' made of nanosheets, according to mechanical engineering research from Kansas State University.

Model offers more ease, precision for managing invasive Asian carp

( University of Illinois College of Engineering) The likelihood of Asian carp eggs being kept in suspension and hatching in the St. Joseph River in Michigan has been further evaluated using a model that examines a range of multiple flow and water temperature scenarios. Results illustrate the highest percentage of Asian carp eggs at risk of hatching occurs when the streamflow is low and when the water temperature is high.

The mechanics of life

( University of California - Santa Barbara) Researchers are poised to find out how the tiny mechanical forces cells exert influence their differentiation.

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