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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

Invention of ionic decision-maker capable of self-learning

( National Institute for Materials Science, Japan) A NIMS research group has invented an ionic device, termed as ionic decision-maker, capable of quickly making its own decisions based on previous experience using changes in ionic/molecular concentrations. The group then succeeded in demonstrating its operation. This device is capable of making decisions while efficiently adapting to changing situations by a means unrelated to the storage of past experiences in computer memory or to the performance of decision-making computations.

Energy harvesting and innovative inputs highlight tech show gadgetry

( Dartmouth College) A battery-free energy harvester, a novel conductive system for smartwatches, and a prototype that extends body language to the human ear feature at new tech conference.

Finnish pilot develops a new solution for sustainable forestry

( VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) The whole of Europe is feverishly looking for new ways to use farm, forest and fishery resources more responsibly and sustainably and to promote the production of the best possible raw materials in order to increase the availability of food, energy and biomaterials

Some like it cryogenic

( DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Sandia National Laboratories helped design the first generation of fueling stations for hydrogen-powered cars so that they're as safe as conventional gas stations. Now, Sandia is working to do the same for the next generation of hydrogen stations.

Sound, vibration recognition boost context-aware computing

( Carnegie Mellon University) Smart devices can seem dumb if they don't understand what's happening around them. Carnegie Mellon University researchers say environmental awareness can be enhanced by analyzing sound and vibrations. The researchers report today at the Association for Computing Machinery's User Interface Software and Technology Symposium in Berlin about two approaches -- one that uses the ubiquitous microphone, and another that employs a modern-day version of eavesdropping technology once used by the KGB.

Artificial intelligence aids automatic monitoring of single molecules in cells

( Osaka University) Japanese researchers developed a system that can automatically image single molecules within living cells. This system employs learning via neural networks to focus appropriately on samples, search automatically for cells, image fluorescently labeled single molecules, and track their movements. With this system, the team achieved the automated determination of pharmacological parameters and quantitative characterization of the effects of ligands and inhibitors on a target, which has potentially profound implications for biological and medical sciences.

Scientists achieve first ever acceleration of electrons in plasma waves

( Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)) An international team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has demonstrated a new technique for accelerating electrons to very high energies over short distances.

Fast, accurate estimation of the Earth's magnetic field for natural disaster detection

( Tokyo Metropolitan University) Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have applied machine-learning techniques to achieve fast, accurate estimates of local geomagnetic fields using data taken at multiple observation points, potentially allowing detection of changes caused by earthquakes and tsunamis. A deep neural network (DNN) model was developed and trained using existing data; the result is a fast, efficient method for estimating magnetic fields for unprecedentedly early detection of natural disasters. This is vital for developing effective warning systems that might help reduce casualties and widespread damage.

Novel catalyst for high-energy aluminum-air flow batteries

( Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)) A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel electric vehicle (EV) battery technology that is more energy-efficient than gasoline-powered engines.

Microfluidic molecular exchanger helps control therapeutic cell manufacturing

( Georgia Institute of Technology) Researchers have demonstrated an integrated technique for monitoring specific biomolecules -- such as growth factors -- that could indicate the health of living cell cultures produced for the burgeoning field of cell-based therapeutics.

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